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❶Between and he successfully sailed around the globe becoming the first Englishman to do so.

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When Drake returned from this voyage people discovered that he had circumnavigated the world. He was only the second person to do this. Even though Columbus had preceded him, Drake was still very popular.

Unfortunately, this fame did not last, and Drake needed to find a new source of income. Remembering the delicious coffee cakes and the stolen recipe, Drake started his own baking company. It became a "race-outfitted" fore-and-aft rigged warship, trouble-free interior the English army on the time.

Drake is dazzling in historic past for a number of movements: The Spaniards seen Drake in reality a pirate, however Queen Elizabeth I particular him as a privateer and gave him a knighthood in advantages. Related Questions Does anybody have information on sir francis drake? Sir Francis drake project!? Information about the pirate "Sir Francis Drake"? His family was very religious and his father was a Protestant preacher. Although the family were respectable they were not very wealthy and Drake was sent to sea at the age of twelve.

Drake was apprenticed to a merchant and his seafaring skills brought him to the attention of his cousins, the Hawkins family, who were privateers. He participated in illegal slave trading expeditions with his cousin Sir John Hawkins. Privateers were allowed by the government to commit acts of piracy against Spanish property; in return their sponsors received a share of the plunder. Many of their men were killed and Drake had to swim to safety.

This incident resulted in him developing a life-long dislike of Spain. Between and he successfully sailed around the globe becoming the first Englishman to do so. The first circumnavigation was made by Ferdinand Magellan some fifty years earlier.

The ship which Drake used to circumnavigate the world, the Golden Hind , was originally called the Pelican.

This refers to his attack on Cadiz in Drake was allegedly playing bowls on Plymouth Hoe when news reached him of the imminent arrival of the Spanish Fleet. He is said to have remarked that he had time to finish the game before defeating the Spanish.

Drake was a vice admiral of the English fleet at the time of the Armada. He is credited with the idea of using fire ships to scatter the Spanish Fleet, making the individual ships more vulnerable to English gunfire. In he lost 20 ships and 12, men trying to help the Portuguese who were rebelling against Spanish occupation. He died of dysentery after engaging with the Spanish in the Caribbean. Drake born in Tavistock, Devon. Drake makes first voyage to Americas with Sir John Hawkins. After reaching America, Drake was worried that his ships might get separated from each other, so he gave orders for two of them to be destroyed.

Then the Marigold was lost, with all her crew, and the Elizabeth turned back and sailed home. By October , as the company started up the western coast of South America, there were just 58 left, all on the Pelican. Drake renamed his ship the Golden Hinde. During the course of the voyage, Drake discovered that Tierra del Fuego, the land seen to the south of the Magellan Strait, was not part of a southern continent as had been believed previously, but an archipelago, or group of islands.

In passing along we plainly discovered that same Terra Australis to be no continent, but broken islands and large passages amongst them….

This meant that if the American continent was not connected to a southern continent, the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans met at Cape Horn. It should be possible to sail ships around the bottom of South America, south of Tierra. This was the Cape Horn route, eventually discovered in As Drake sailed further up the coast, he plundered Spanish ports in Chile and Peru and captured treasure ships.

His biggest prize was the Cacafuego. Drake sailed further north along the coast of the Americas than any other European until then. On the way he landed in what is now California, naming it Nova Albion New England and claiming it for his queen.

Six tons of cloves were loaded onto the ship. Later, half had to be tossed into the sea in order to free the ship from a reef. His route through the East Indies lay along the uncharted southern coast of Java. Here Drake discovered that Java was an island, not connected to a southern continent as the Dutch believed. Drake returned from his voyage around the world with the little Golden Hinde packed full of spices from the Indies, and plundered Spanish silver and treasure.

The good health of the surviving members of his crew was a remarkable achievement in itself. This was in marked contrast to the dreadful condition of those who had accompanied Magellan on the first circumnavigation of the world fifty years earlier. During the Tudor period, it was important that each explorer built on the experience of those who had gone before.

Portugal and Spain had been involved in ocean exploration long before England. Francis Drake obviously recognised this, as he made use of this previous knowledge and expertise by seizing the Portuguese pilot Nuna da Silva to guide him on his passage to Brazil and the east coast of America.

In the Pacific, he seized the charts of two Spanish pilots bound for the Philippines. He already had a chart of the world made in Portugal, and three books on navigation. Afterwards, she knighted him so that for the rest of his life he was known as Sir Francis Drake.

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Fascinating facts, did-you-knows, timeline, videos and photos about Sir Francis Drake for primary school history work.

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Sir Francis Drake was an English adventurer, admiral, and privateer in the age of Queen Elizabeth I.

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