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What is an Annotated Bibliography

Explanation, Process, Directions, and Examples

❶This editorial describes the debate associated with video games from the economists and the effects that they have on people who use them. APA style is slightly different:

Annotated Bibliography Samples

Annotated Bibliography
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Giving credit to the original author of thoughts, words, and ideas is an important ethical concept. Additionally, the exact point page number is listed.

Plagiarism is using the words, thoughts, or ideas of someone else without giving credit. Plagiarism can take many forms, and it can be intentional or accidental. For example, if you were to change the wording of a passage, but not credit the source, you are plagiarizing as much as if you used the original words. This presents something of a conundrum: In most research assignments, students are encouraged — or even required — to use the research of others, but proper credit must be given.

To ensure that you will give credit appropriately, begin by keeping your research materials organized. There are many note-taking systems available to assist you, but it is essential that you keep track of which ideas came from which sources. An annotated bibliography is a bibliography with an additional description or evaluation i.

Purpose The purpose of the annotation is to help the reader evaluate whether the work cited is relevant to a specific research topic or line of inquiry. Annotations versus abstracts Abstracts Abstracts are brief statements that present the main points of the original work. They normally do not include an evaluation of the work itself. Annotations Annotations could be descriptive or evaluative, or a combination of both.

A descriptive annotation summarizes the scope and content of a work whereas an evaluative annotation provides critical comment. What the annotation includes Generally, annotations should be no more than words or sentences long.

Depending on your assignment, annotations may include some or all of the following information: Main focus or purpose of the work Intended audience for the work Usefulness or relevance to your research topic or why it did not meet your expectations Special features of the work that were unique or helpful Background and credibility of the author Conclusions or observations reached by the author Conclusions or observations reached by you Which citation style to use There are many style manuals with specific instructions on how to format your annotated bibliography.

The date accessed goes in day-month-year format. The URL is encased in angle brackets, and there is a period at the end. To add the annotation, drop down two lines after your bibliographic citation. Write your annotation in paragraph form. MLA style requires text to be double spaced. Keep the entire paragraph indented , so your paragraphs are flush with the hanging indent in your second and any subsequent lines in your bibliography; only the first line of your bibliography is fully to the left margin of the paper.

Drop down an extra line between paragraphs in your annotation. How to tell a sociopath from a psychopath. Notice there are no brackets around the URL. Since an article is a common format, you do not need a format description bracket. If, however, the page is a blog post or lecture notes, for example, you should indicate that in brackets after the title.

Drop down two lines after your bibliographic citation and begin your annotation. APA style also dictates double-spacing to be maintained throughout the annotation. Separate the annotation into paragraphs for each section, such as a separate paragraph for the summary and another paragraph for the evaluation.

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Annotated bibliographies begin with the bibliographic citation, followed by your annotation. Modern Language Association (MLA) Style In MLA style, cite the author’s name, article or page name, title of the website, version numbers, publisher information and the date you accessed the site.

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Additional annotated bibliography examples in MLA are found further down the page. For more information on annotations, check out this informative site. Analyzing Your Sources. As seen in the annotated bibliography example in MLA format above, each entry should include summarization or analysis of your source.

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Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. An annotated bibliography provides a brief account of the available research on a given topic. It is a list of research sources that includes concise descriptions and evaluations of each source. The annotation usually contains a brief summary of content and a short analysis or evaluation.

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Annotated Bibliography What's the Purpose of an Annotated Bibliography? It is vital to understand what an annotated bibliography is and the purpose it serves. An annotated bibliography is a well-organized list of citations to articles, books, websites, and . Annotated Bibliography. After automatic generation of citations, school students must describe regarding the authenticity of the sources that have been used for writing an academic paper. This is termed as annotated bibliography, which explains the special contribution of the authors in the literary field.